Many of the sources used in this book have been digitized and are available in the “Railroads and the Making of Modern America” project. Libraries and archives continue to preserve, maintain, and make available to scholars the most important sources for understanding this period--the original documents. I have also used many of the newly available digital source collections to find materials, including Google Books, ProQuest, American Periodicals Series, and Ancestry.com. Thousands of online articles and documents have been consulted in the research for this book. These research tools have proven invaluable for sifting across collections to discover keywords, individuals, and particular events. I have also consulted secondary sources and dissertations on the Civil War era and on railroads, a large and rapidly growing and complex literature. I have focused on the most recent and relevant works, and have cited these in the notes.
Fry, F. Fry’s Traveler’s Guide. Cincinnati: Applegate and Co., 1865.
Illinois Central, History of the Illinois Central Railroad and Representative Employees, Chicago, 1900.
Seymour, Silas. Incidents of a Trip Through the Great Platte Valley, to the Rocky Mountains and Laramie Plains, in the Fall of 1866. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1867.
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia
Speech of Wm. M. Burwell of Virginia, New Orleans, La., 1852.
Memphis, El Paso and Pacific Railroad, Annual Report of the officers. Clarksville, Tex.: Standard Print, 1857.
“To the Members of the Permanent Committee on the New Orleans, Algiers, Attakapas, and Opelousas Railroad,” 1851.
Proceedings of the Stockholders of the Louisville, Cincinnati and Charleston Rail-Road Company. Charleston, S.C.: A. E. Miller, 1841.
Mississippi Central Railroad, Annual Report of the President and Directors. Holly Springs, Miss.: 1855–1860.
Fifteenth Annual Report of the Directors and Officers of the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad Company. Nashville, Tenn.: Roberts, Watterson and Purvis, 1867.
New Orleans, Opelousas and Great Western Railroad Company, Annual Report of the President and Directors. New Orleans: Clark and Brisbin Printers, 1850–1864.
Political Speeches. 1826–1855.
Johnson, A. J. New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas: With Physical Geography and with descriptions Geographical, Statistical, and Historical. New York: Johnson and Ward, 1864.
Library of Virginia:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, Annual Report of the President and Directors to the Stockholders, 1826-1827 (Baltimore, 1827).
Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad Company. Annual Report of the President and Stockholders, 1868.
Northwestern Virginia Railroad Company, Annual Report of the President and Directors to the Stockholders. (1851-1852).
Proceedings of the Annual Meeting, Richmond and Danville Railroad Company. Richmond: H. K. Ellyson, 1848–1857.
Proceedings of a called meeting of the stockholders, held on Wednesday, June 26th, 1867. Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac and Richmond and Petersburg Railroad Comany. (Richmond: Examiner Job Office, 1867)
Raleigh & Gaston Rail Road Company. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Raleigh & Gaston Railroad Company, 1864.
Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac. Annual Report, 1834/1835-1988.
Richmond and Petersburg, Reports & Proceedings. Richmond, Va., 1836–1864.
Winchester and Potomac Railroad Company. Annual Report, 1831-1832 (Winchester, Va.: Winchester Virginian)
Texas A & M University:
Colyer, Vincent. Brief Report of the Services Rendered by the Freed People to the United States Army in North Carolina in the Spring of 1862, After the Battle of New Bern. New York: Vincent Colyer, 1864.
Cutler, Julia Perkins. Life and Times of Ephraim Cutler: Prepared from His Journal and Correspondence. With sketch of William P. Cutler by Ephraim C. Dawes. Cincinnati: Robert Clark and Co., 1890.
Dawes, Ephraim Cutler. “The Battle of Shiloh.” In Campaigns in Kentucky and Tennessee Including the Battle of Chickamauga, 1862–1864. Papers of the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts, Vol. II. Boston, 1908, 101–172.
------. “The Confederate Strength in the Atlanta Campaign.” In Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, Vol. 4 (1887): 281–283.
------. In Memorium, William Blackford Stephenson. Cincinnati: Peter G. Thomson, 1879.
------. “Major Ephraim C. Dawes of the 53d Ohio Volunteers and the Battle of Dallas, Georgia, May 28, 1864.” Compiled by Harriett D. Wilson. At head of text: The Accounting by Ephraim C. Dawes. Crum Letter Service. Elmhurst, Ill., 1967. Ohio Historical Society.
Duke, John K. History of the 53rd Regiment Ohio Volunteers. Portsmouth, Ohio: The Blade Printing Co., 1900.
Smith, William Prescott. The Book of the Great Railway Celebrations of 1857; Embracing a Full Account of the Opening of the Ohio & Mississippi, the Marietta & Cincinnati Railroads, and the Northwestern Virginia Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1858.
Stevenson, William G. Thirteen Months in the Rebel Army, Being a Narrative of Personal Adventures by an Impressed New Yorker. New York: A. S. Barnes and Co., 1862 and 1864.
Whitney, Asa. “A Project for a Railroad to the Pacific,” 1849.
Adams, Sean Patrick. "Old Dominions and Industrial Commonwealths: The Political Economy of Coal in Virginia and Pennsylvania, 1810-1875," Enterprise and Society Vol. 1 (December 2000).
Aldrich, Mark. “Train Wrecks to Typhoid Fever: The Development of Railroad Medicine Organizations, 1850 to World War I,” Bulletin of the History of Medicine Vol. 75 No. 2 (Summer 2001): 254-289.
Allen, H.C. Great Britain and the United States: A History of Anglo-American Relations (1783-1952). London: Odhams Press, Limited, 1954.
Allen, Thomas M. A Republic in Time: Temporality and Social Imagination in Nineteenth-Century America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press,2008.
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. rev. ed. London: Verso, 1991.
Angevine, Robert G. The Railroad and the State: War, Politics, and Technology in Nineteenth-Century America. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004.
Arenson, Adam. The Great Heart of the Rebublic: St. Louis and the Cultural Civil War. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011.
Armitage, David. The Declaration of Independence: A Global History. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2008.
Armstrong, Philip. “‘Leviathan Is a Skein of Networks’: Translations of Nature and Culture in Moby-Dick,” ELH, Vol. 71, No. 4 (Winter 2004): 1039–1063.
Artemel, Janice G., Elizabeth A. Crowell, and Jeff Parker. The Alexandria Slave Pen: The Archaeology of Urban Captivity. Engineering-Science, Inc., Washington, D.C., 1987.
Ash, Stephen. A Year in the South: 1865: The True Story of Four Ordinary People Who Lived Through the Most Tumultuous Twelve Months in American History. New York, N.Y.: Harper Collins, 2004.
--------. When the Yankees Came: Conflict and Chaos in the Occupied South, 1861-1865. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.
Ashworth, John. Slavery, Capitalism, and Politics in the Antebellum Republic, Volume I: Commerce and Compromise, 1820–1850. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Atack, Jeremy and Robert A. Margo, "The Impact of Access to Rail Transportation on Agricultural Improvement: The American Midwest as a a Test Case, 1850-1860," unpublished paper presented at the Organization of American History Conference, Houston, Texas, 2011.
Ausband, Stephen C. “The Whale and the Machine: An Approach to Moby-Dick,” American Literature, Vol. 47, No. 2 (May 1975): 197–211.
Ayers, Edward L. In the Presence of Mine Enemies: War in the Heart of America, 1859-1863. New York: W. W. Norton, 2003.
Bain, David Howard. Empire Express: Building the First Transcontinental Railroad. New York: Viking, 1999.
Barnes, L. Diane. Artisan Workers in the Upper South: Petersburg, Virginia, 1820-1865. Baton Rouge, La.: Louisiana State University Press, 2008.
Bayly, C. A. The Birth of the Modern World, 1780-1914: Global Connections and Comparisons. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2004.
Bear, Laura. Lines of the Nation: Indian Railway Workers, Bureaucracy, and the Intimate Historical Self. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.
Beckert, Sven. The Monied Metropolis: New York City and the Consolidation of the American Bourgeoisie, 1850-1896. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
------. "Emancipation and Empire: Reconstructing the Worldwide Web of Cotton Production in the Age of the American Civil War." American Historical Review vol. 109 no. 5 (December 2004): 1405-1439.
------. "From Tuskegee to Togo: The Problem of Freedom in the Empire of Cotton." Journal of American History vol. 92 no. 2 (September 2005): 498-527.
Bell, David A. The First Total War: Napoleon's Europe and the Birth of Warfare as We Know It. Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 2007.
Bender, Thomas. A Nation Among Nations: America’s Place in World History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2006.
Beniger, James R. The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986.
Bensel, Richard Franklin. The Political Economy of American Industrialization, 1877-1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
--------. Yankee Leviathan: The Origins of Central State Authority in America, 1859-1877. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Berk, Gerald. Alternative Tracks: The Constitution of American Industrial Order, 1865-1917. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.
Binder, John J. "The Transportation Revolution and Antebellum Sectional Disagreement," Social Science History, Vol. 35, No. 1 (Spring 2011): 19-57.
Black, Robert C. The Railroads of the Confederacy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1952; rpt. 1998.
Blackburn, Robin. The Making of New World Slavery. London: Verso, 1997.
Blackett, R. J. M. Divided Hearts: Britain and the American Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001.
Blondheim, Matthew. News over the Wires: The Telegraph and the Flow of Public Information in America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994.
Blunt, Alison and Gillian Rose, eds., Writing Women and Space: Colonial and Post-Colonial Geographies. New York: Guilford, 1994.
Boot, Max. War Made New: Technology, Warfare, and the Course of History. New York: Gotham, 2006.
Brady, Lisa. “The Wilderness of War: Nature and Strategy in the American Civil War,” Environmental History Vol.10 No. 3 (July 2005): 421-447.
Bright, Simeon Miller. “The McNeil Rangers: A Study in Confederate Guerrilla Warfare,” West Virginia History, Vol. 12, No. 4 (July 1951): 338–387.
Brown, Thomas, ed. Reconstructions: New Perspectives on the Postbellum United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Burton, Orville Vernon. The Age of Lincoln. New York: Hill and Wang, 2007.
Butts, Michele Tucker. Galvanized Yankees on the Upper Missouri: The Face of Loyalty. Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2003.
Campbell, Duncan Andrew. English Public Opinion and the American Civil War. Suffolk: The Boydell Press, 2006.
Carroll, Stuart, ed., Cultures of Violence: Interpersonal Violence in Historical Perspective (Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Case, Theresa A. The Great Southwest Railroad Strike and Free Labor. College Station: Texas A. and M. University Press, 2010.
Chandler, Alfred D, Jr. The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1977.
Churella, Albert J. “Company, State, and Region: Three Approaches to Railroad History,” Enterprise and Society Vol. 7 No. 3 (September 2006): 581-591.
Clark, Christopher. Social Change in America from the Revolution through the Civil War. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2006.
Clarke, Jr. John E. Railroads in the Civil War: The Impact of Management on Victory and Defeat. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001.
Coclanis, Peter. "Off Track: The Railroading of Antebellum Southern Economic History," Social Science Quarterly Vol. 84 No. 3 (2003): 738-743.
Cohen, William. At Freedom's Edge: Black Mobility and the Southern White Quest for Racial Control, 1861-1915. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1991.
Collins, Randall. Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.
Collins, Steven G. "Progress and Slavery on the South's Railroads," Railroad History, Autumn 1999.
--------. "System in the South: John W. Mallet, Josiah Gorgas, and Uniform Production at the Confederate Ordnance Department," Technology and Culture 40.3, 1999.
Connolly, Michael J. Capitalism, Politics, and Railroads in Jacksonian New England. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2003.
Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill and Wang, 1983.
--------. Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1991.
--------. ed. Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1995.
--------. "Modes of Prophecy and Production: Placing Nature in History," Journal of American History, Vol. 76 No. 4 (March 1990): 1122-1131.
--------. "A Place for Stories: Nature, History, and Narrative," Journal of American History, Vol. 78 No. 4 (March 1992): 1347-1376.
Cosgrove, D. Social Formation and Symbolic Landscape. Totawa, NJ: Barnes and Noble, 1984.
Dattel, Gene. Cotton and Race in the Making of America: The Human Costs of Economic Power. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2009.
Davis, Donald. Where There Are Mountains: An Environmental History of the Southern Appalachians. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2000.
Dawson, III, Joseph G. “Jefferson Davis and the Confederacy's 'Offensive-Defensive Strategy in the U.S. Civil War,” Journal of Military History Vol. 73 No. 2 (April 2009): 591-607.
DeCredico, Mary. Patriotism for Profit: Georgia's Urban Entrepreneurs and the War Effort. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.
Delbanco, Andrew. Melville, His World and Work. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.
Delfino, Susanna, and Michele Gillespie, eds. Global Perspectives on Industrial Transformation in the American South. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2005.
Dirck, Brian R. “Posterity's Blush: Civil Liberties, Property Rights, and Property Confiscation in the Confederacy,” Civil War History Vol. 48 No. 3 (September 2002): 237-256.
Downey, Tom. Planting a Capitalist South: Masters, Merchants, and Manufacturers in the Southern Interior, 1790-1860. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006.
Earle, Carville and Ronald Hoffman. “The Foundation of the Modern Economy: Agriculture and the Costs of Labor in the United States and England, 1800-1860,” The American Historical Review Vol. 85 No. 5 (December 1990): 1055-1094.
Eelman, Bruce W. “Entrepreneurs in the Southern Upcountry: The Case of Spartanburg, South Carolina, 1815-1880,” Enterprise and Society Vol. 5 No. 1 (March 2004):77-106.
--------. Entrepreneurs in the Southern Upcountry: Commercial Culture in Spartanburg, South Carolina, 1845-1880. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2008.
Egerton, Douglas R. Year of Meteors: Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, and the Election that Brought on the Civil War. New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2010.
Egnal, Marc. Clash of Extremes: The Economic Origins of the Civil War. New York: Hill and Wang, 2009.
--------. “Rethinking the Secession of the Lower South: The Clash of Two Groups,” Civil War History Vol. 50 No. 3 (September 2004): 261-290.
--------. “The Beards Were Right: Parties in the North, 1840-1860,” Civil War History Vol. 47 No. 1 (2001): 30-56.
Ekelund, Robert B. and Mark Thornton. "The 'Confederate' Blockade of the South," Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics Vol. 4 No. 1 (March 2001): 23-42.
--------."The Union Blockade and Demoralization of the South: Relative Prices in the Confederacy," Social Science Quarterly Vol. 73, No. 4 890-902.
Engle, Stephen B. "Mountaineer Reconstruction: Blacks in the Political Reconstruction of West Virginia," Journal of Negro History Vol. 78 No. 3 (Summer 1993): 137-165.
Entrikin, J. Nicholas. The Betweenness of Place: Towards a Geography of Modernity. Macmillan, 1991.
Estaville, Jr., Lawrence A. "A Strategic Railroad: The New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern in the Civil War," Louisiana History Vol. 14 No. 2 (Spring 1973): 117-136.
Faust, Drew Gilpin. This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War. New York: Vintage, 2009.
--------. The Creation of Confederate Nationalism: Ideology and Identity in the Civil War South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990.
Fellman, Michael. Inside War: The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Fennell, Christopher C. "Damaging Detours: Routes, Racism, and New Philadelphia," Historical Archaeology, Vol. 44, No. 1 (2010), 138-154.
Fisher, Roger A. "A Pioneer Protest: The New Orleans Street-car Controversy of 1867," Journal of Negro History Vol. 53 No. 3 (July 1968): 219-233.
Fisher, Noel C. War at Every Door: Partisan Politics and Guerrilla Violence in East Tennessee, 1860-1869 Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1997
Fishlow, Albert. American Railroads and the Transformation of the Ante-bellum Economy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965.
Forbath, William E. Law and the Shaping of the American Labor Movement. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991.
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--------. The Road to Disunion: Secessionists Triumphant, 1854-1861. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
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--------. "The Railway as Cultural Metaphor: 'What kind of railway history?' revisited," Journal of Transport History (1999): 160-167.
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---------, ed., The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
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--------. The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity, 1990.
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--------. New Lands, New Men: America and the Second Great Age of Discovery. New York: Viking Penguin, 1986.
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--------. “The Whipping of Richard Moore: Reading Emotion in Reconstruction America,” Journal of Social History Vol. 36 No. 2 (Winter 2002): 261-282.
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--------. Debtor Diplomacy: Finance and American Foreign Relations in the Civil War Era, 1837-1873. Oxford: Clarendon, 2005.
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Dissertations and Theses
(Note: Some dissertations especially those in 2010 were not available as The Iron Way went to press but are listed here for reference)
Adams, Sean Patrick. "Old Dominions and Industrial Commonwealths: The Political Economy of Coal in Virginia and Pennsylvania, 1810-1875," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1999.
Aldrich, Gene. "A history of the coal industry in Oklahoma to 1907," Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Oklahoma, 1952.
Barnette, Jane Stewart. "Locomotive leisure: The effects of railroads on Chicago-area theatre, 1870--1920," Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin, 2003.
Bailey, Rebecca J. "Matewan before the massacre: Politics, coal, and the roots of conflict in Mingo County, 1793--1920," Ph.D. Dissertation, West Virginia University, 2001.
Bawden, Timothy Todd. "Reinventing the frontier: Tourism, nature, and environmental change in northern Wisconsin, 1880--1930," Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison, 2001.
Bischoff, Wayne Lawrence. "The development of the Wabash and Erie Canal (1832--1875) in central Indiana and its affect on evolving Wabash Valley settlement," Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University, 2000.
Baumli, Joseph Walden. "Prairie trails, iron rails, and tall tales: The settling, town building, and people of Nodaway County, Missouri, 1839--1910," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Missouri - Kansas City, 2004.
Bays, Brad Alan."A Historical Geography of Town Building in the Cherokee Nation, 1866-1907," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1996.
Berkowitz, Christine Ann. "Railroad Crossings: The Transnational World of North America, 1850-1910," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Toronto, 2009.
Bonner, Robert E. "Americans Apart: Nationality in the Slaveholding South," Ph.D Dissertation, Yale University, 1998.
Borrer, Jennifer Michelle. "The Road to Success is Paved with More Than Good Intentions: The Triumph and Tragedy of the Colored Trainmen of America," M. A. Thesis, Texas A. & M. University-Kingsville, 1998.
Boscoe, Francis Peter. "Modernity and the tragedy of development in Pennsylvania, 1826--1842," Ph.D. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University, 2000.
Brawley, Lisa C. "Fugitive Nation: Slavery, Travel, and Technologies of American Identity," 1830-1860," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1995.
Case, Theresa Ann. "Free labor on the southwestern railroads: The 1885--1886 Gould System strikes," Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin, 2002.
Castellano, Donna McPherson. "A promise delayed: The politics of banking, railroad, and mineral development in Alabama: 1846--1860," M.A. Thesis, University of Alabama in Huntsville, 2001.
Cheung, Henry Fay. "Chinese Americans: Builders of early California and the West," M.A. Thesis, California State University, Fullerton, 2003.
Collins, Steven Gedson. "Organizing the South: Railroads, plantations, and war," Ph.D. Dissertation, The Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, 1999.
Cummings, Adele Josephine. "Governing the Economy: The Process and Politics of Government Involvement in the Railroads in Canada and the United States, 1850-1885," Ph. D. Dissertation, Duke University, 1995.
Davis, Robert Scott, Jr. "Cotton, Fire, and Dreams: The Robert Findlay Iron Works and Heavy Industry in Macon, Georgia, 1839-1912," M.A. Thesis, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1996.
Dean, Adam Wesley. "An Agrarian Republic: How Conflict over Land Use Shaped the Civil War and Reconstruction," Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Virginia, 2010.
Dee, Christine Doyle. "Land Worth Fighting For: Scioto County, Ohio and Madison County, Alabama during the American Civil War," Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, 2002.
Diamond, David. "Migrations: Henderson Luelling and the cultivated apple, 1822--1854," Ph.D. Dissertation, Northern Arizona University, 2004.
Eelman, Bruce William. "Progress and community from Old South to New South: Spartanburg County, South Carolina, 1845--1880," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland College Park, 2000.
Faulkner, Carol."The Hard Heart of the Nation: Gender, Race and Dependency in the Freedmen's Aid Movement," Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York, Binghamton, 1998.
Fink, Tiffany Marie Haggard. "The Fort Worth and Denver City Railway: Settlement, development, and decline on the Texas high plains," Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas Tech University, 2004.
Gagnon, Michael John. "Transition to an industrial South: Athens, Georgia, 1830--1870," Ph.D. Dissertation, Emory University, 1999.
Greene, Ann Norton. "Harnessing power: Industrializing the horse in nineteenth century America," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 2004.
Holzweiss, Robert F. "Politics, profits and the public interest: Government, railroads, and interest groups, 1827--1976," Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas A&M University, 2001.
Hotz, Jeffrey Prescott. "Divergent visions, contested spaces: Literary reflections on the early United States through real and imagined journeys, 1783--1853," Ph.D. Dissertation, The George Washington University, 2004.
Huebner, Donald James. "From the foothills to the crest: Landscape history of the southern Manzano Mountains, Central New Mexico, United States of America since 1800," Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin, 2002.
Hughes, Marla Jon. "Social Relations in a Railroad Town: The Locomotive Engineers, Locomotive Firemen, and Switchmen of Galesburg, Illinois, and the Burlington Strike of 1888," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland College Park, 1996.
Jackson, Jill Carson. "Along Came a Spider: Visions and Realities of Railroad Development in Fort Worth, Texas, 1873-1923, A Cartographic Approach," M. A. Thesis, University of Texas at Arlington, 1996.
Johnson, Freddie Lee, III. "The tracks of War: Confederate strategic rail policy and the struggle for the Baltimore and Ohio," Ph.D. Dissertation, Kent State University, 1999.
Johnson, Larry E. "Breakdown from within: Virginia railroads during the Civil War era," M.A. Thesis, University of Louisville, 2004.
Kalson, Michael. "Railroads and Economies of Scale and Scope in U. S. Manufacturing Industries, 1850-1880--Chandler Revisited," Ph.D. Dissertation, City University of New York, 2010.
Kim, Monte George. "The Southern Pacific Railroad and the making of place and community in California," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara, 2005.
King, Spurgeon C. "The Geography of Civil War: Conflict and Legacy in Upper East Tennessee," Ph.D. Dissertation, Middle Tennessee State University, 2009.
Koenig, Alan Robin. "Ironclads on Rails: American Civil War Railroad Weapons, 1861-1865," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1995.
Krug, James Norman. "Benjamin Franklin Yoakum and the St. Louis, Brownsville, and Mexico Railroad," M. A. Thesis, Texas A & M University-Kingsville, 1999.
Kvale, Nicole Ingrid. "Emigrant Trains: Migratory Transportation Networks through Germany and the United States, 1847-1914," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2009.
Laichas, Thomas Michael. "'Robbing Peter to pay Paul': Public finance and political change in California, 1850--1930," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1999.
Lewis, Daniel. "The Empire Strikes Out: Mexican Nationbuilding and the Ferrocarril sud-Pacifico de Mexico, 1880-1951," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Riverside, 1997.
Maddox, Kenneth Wesley. "Intruder into Eden: The Train in the Nineteenth-Century American Landscape," Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 1999.
Marrs, Aaron. "The Iron Horse Turns South: A History of Antebellum Southern Railroads," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of South Carolina, 2006.
Martinez, Jaime Amanda. "For the Defense of the State: Slave Impressment in Confederate Virginia and North Carolina," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia, 2008.
McCabe, Joshua T. "African-American Railroad Workers, 1890-1960: A Critical Reinterpretation," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, 2009.
Means, Richard Nathaniel Griffith. "Empire, progress, and the American Southwest: The Texas and Pacific Railroad, 1850--1882," Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Southern Mississippi, 2001.
Milsk, Laura Elaine. "Meet me at the station: The culture and aesthetics of Chicago's railroad terminals, 1871--1930," Ph.D. Dissertation, Loyola University of Chicago, 2003.
Mitchell, Robert Ted. "Connecting a Nation, Dividing a City: How Railroads Shaped the Public Spaces and Social Understanding of Chicago," Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University, 2009.
Monroe, Elizabeth Brand. "Spanning the commerce clause: The Wheeling Bridge case, 1849-1856," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Florida, 1989.
Morrison, Michael. "The Eclipse of Manifest Destiny: The Ideology of American Expansion, 1844-1860." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1989.
Nicholls, Michael Lee. "Like pearls on a string: Illinois Central Railroad town development, 1851--1870," Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1999.
Orr, Timothy Adam. "Railroad Nations: International Competition and Environmental Change in Western U.S.-Canada Borderlands, 1881-1920," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Davis, 2010.
Rademacher, Henry J. "The spatiality of the corporate landscape: Railroads and patterns of power," Ph.D. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University, 2004.
Rood, Daniel Brett. "Plantation Technocrats: A Social History of Knowledge in the Slaveholding Atlantic World, 1830-1865," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Irvine, 2010.
Rozek, Barbara Jane. "Words of Enticement: The Effort to Attract Immigrants to Texas, 1865-1914," Ph.D. Dissertation, Rice University, 1995.
Russell, Andrew Benjamin. "American dreams derailed: Japanese railroad and mine communities of the Interior West," Ph.D. Dissertation, Arizona State University, 2003.
Schermerhorn, Jack Lawrence. "Against All Odds: Slavery and Enslaved Families in the Making of the Antebellum Chesapeake," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia, 2008.
Sternhell, Yael. "Revolution in Motion: Human Mobility and the Transformation of the South, 1861-1865," Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 2008.
Szuba, Thomas Anthony. "An Interdisciplinary Model of the Natural-Human System on the Eastern Shore of Virginia (1880-1920): The Implications of Selected Technology and Social-Economic Factors on System Dynamics," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia, 2009.
Taillon, Paul Michel. "Culture, Politics, and the Making of Railroad Brotherhoods, 1863-1916," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1997.
Taylor, Holly Zumwalt. "Neither North nor South: Sectionalism, St. Louis politics, and the coming of the Civil War, 1846--1861," Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin, 2004.
Tegtmeier, Kristen Anne. "Bleeding borders: The intersection of gender, race, and region in territorial Kansas," Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin, 2000.
Truett, Samuel Jefferson. "Neighbors by Nature: The Transformation of Land and Life in the United States-Mexico Borderlands, 1854-1910," Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 1997.
Tyler, Ricky William. "Social Recreational Entertainments in Olathe, McPherson and Garden City, Kansas, from the Introduction of the Railroad to the Building of the First Opera Houses: A Narrative History," Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1995.
Urban, Andrew Theodore. "An Intimate World: Race, Migration, and Chinese and Irish Domestic Servants in the United States, 1850-1920," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota, 2009.
Verschelden, Elizabeth. "'We Go to Plant Her Common Schools on Distant Prairie Swells:' School-Building Along the Union Pacific's 'Central Branch,' 1860-1880," Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Kansas, 1998.
Williams-Searle, John Edward. “Broken brothers and soldiers of capital: Disability, manliness, and safety on the rails, 1863--1908," Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Iowa, 2004.
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