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  • | Newspaper

    Hayes' July 21 Proclamation: A Manifesto Against Domestic Violence

    On July 21, 1877, President Rutherford B. Hayes issued a proclamation ordering all strikers to disperse and return home. He noted that a state of "domestic violence" existed in Cumberland, Maryland, and "along the line" of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

  • | Newspaper

    In The March Towards Camden Station

    This article from the July 21, 1877 issue of the Baltimore American describes the mob's attack of the Sixth Maryland Regiment and recounts the violence that occurred during its march to Camden Station.

  • | Newspaper

    Killed And Wounded

    This article from the July 21, 1877 issue of the Baltimore American lists the killed and wounded and describes their wounds in detail.

  • | Newspaper

    Last Night in Baltimore

    This article from the July 21, 1877 Baltimore American gives an account of the events that led to the large gathering of people outside of Camden Station the previous evening.

  • | Newspaper

    Reported Killed

    This article from the July 21, 1877 issue of the Baltimore American reports the number of citizens killed when the military shot into the crowd outside Camden Station in Baltimore.

  • | Newspaper

    Statement Of An Eye-Witness

    This article from the July 21, 1877 issue of the Baltimore American gives an eye-witness account of the confrontation between the military and the rioters.

  • | Newspaper

    Tearing Down The Telegraph

    This article from the July 21, 1877 issue of the Baltimore American recounts the mob's destruction of railroad property, including tearing down the telegraph office, ripping up the railroad tracks, smashing locomotives, and burning depots.

  • | Newspaper

    The Attack on the Fifth

    This article from the July 21, 1877 edition of the Baltimore American gives an account of the attack on the Fifth Regiment by the mob, which threw stones and bricks, forcing the troops to charge into Camden Station with fixed bayonets.

  • | Newspaper

    The Crowd Was Continually Reinfored By Fresh Arrivals

    This article from the July 21, 1877 issue of the Baltimore American describes the composition of the crowd during the Baltimore riots.

  • | Newspaper

    The Military Call From Big Sam

    This article from the July 21, 1877 issue of the Baltimore American describes the mob surrounding the Sixth Maryland Regiment armory during the riots in Baltimore.

  • | Newspaper

    The Riot Begins

    This July 21, 1877 article from the Baltimore American gives an account of the strike's opening moments and details the confrontation between the police, the military, and the mob.

  • | Newspaper

    Failure To Close The Drinking Houses

    This letter to the editor, printed in the July 22, 1877 edition of the Baltimore American, asks why saloons in Baltimore remained open, even after receiving the order to close, and seemed to indicate the ineffectiveness of the police in the situation.

  • | Newspaper

    General French Ordered To Send Troops

    This July 23, 1877 article in the Baltimore American notes Secretary of War George W. McCrary's order to General William H. French to send troops to Cumberland, Maryland to "suppress the riot."

  • | Newspaper

    Rioters In Full Possession Robbing Of Freight Cars, Etc.

    This article from the July 23, 1877 issue of the Baltimore American gives an account of the rioters halting rail service and robbing freight cars.

  • | Newspaper

    The Strike

    This July 23, 1877 editorial in the Baltimore American emphasizes the participation of the "lawless classes" in the strike, hijacking it from the employees and turning it into a dangerous national threat, similar to the Paris Commune.

  • | Newspaper

    The Troops To Open The Line At Cumberland And Provide Against Trouble At Piedmont

    This article from the July 23, 1877 issue of the Baltimore American notes that two companies of troops had been dispatched to Cumberland, Maryland, to reopen the rail line.