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December 10, 1861
whole move together by the road thence to Brentsville and beyond to therailroadjust south of its crossing of Broad Run, a strong detach- ment of cavalry having
of Broad Run, a strong detach- ment of cavalry having gone rapidly ahead to destroy therailroadbridges south and north of the point.
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March 03, 1862
with occupying Charlestown, & c., in order to cover the reopening of the Baltimore and OhioRailroad. I have also occupied Martinsburg, and will to-morrow throw out a strong
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March 13, 1862
enemy behind the Rappahannock at the earliest possible moment, and the means for reconstructing bridges, repairingrailroads, and stocking them with material sufficient for the supplying the army
should at once be collected for both the Orange and Alexandria and the Aquia and RichmondRailroads. Unanimous:
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March 17, 1862
Blenkers division more to the front. If this is done it should be as near therailroadas practicable, in order
will order him to retain the entire division until the Manassas GapRailroadis completed. He (lid not know when his division would get off, but he will
him specific instructions to have Shields guard the valley of the Shenandoah till the Manassas GapRailroadis finished. I have sent for General Barnard and Colonel King~bnry, and will
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March 21, 1862
The general commanding directs that you hold yourself in readiness to move byrailroadto this place. Cars will be obtained from Mr. Garrett, president Baltimore and Ohio
Cars will be obtained from Mr. Garrett, president Baltimore and OhioRailroad, atBaltiinore, to whom you will please makeknown the amount of transportation required.
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March 22, 1862
man of wealth and standing. He says that the rebels have destroyed a part of therailroadbridge at Fredericksburg. It is confirmed by no one else.
Eleventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, Baltimore, ag~regate 993; Eighty~ seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, guarding Northern Ccii tralRailroad, aggregate 1,008; Fourth New York Volunteers, guarding Philadelphia,
aggregate 1,008; Fourth New York Volunteers, guarding Philadelphia, Wilmington and BaltimoreRailroad, aggregate 803; One hundred and eleventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, guarding Baltimore and Ohio Rail-
more, aggregate 136; Patapsco Guards, guarding Baltimore and OhioRailroad, aggregate 103. Artillery, 214; cavalry, 644; infantry, 5,559. Brigadier-General Lockwood, Peninsula Brigade: Second Delaware
The effective force, besides the cavalry not employed either garrison- ing forts or in guardingrailroads, is Battery L, New York Artillery, and the One hundred and eleventh Pennsylvania Volunteers,
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March 24, 1862
of the enemy are very weak. Until we can put forage across Bull Run by therailroadit will not be in our power to keep a large cavalry force in front
your last order, on Warrenton Junction to-morrow morn- ing. I will force the rebuilding of therailroadbridge at Bull Run as far as possible. The fords of Bull Run are practicable.
a bridge for the infantry. Instructions will be left for General Banks, as directed. As therailroadis now com- pleted to Union Mills, I think, with the number of teams I
well in advance, supported by artillery and infantry. Endeavor to force the enemy to burn therailroadbridge over the Rap. pahannock. Leave a sufficient guard at Manassas and Centreville.
readiness to come back to Alexandria for embar- kation. Render all possible assistance in rebuilding therailroadand telegraph to Warrenton Junction. Beef cattle and additional cavalry
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March 25, 1862
troops over James River. The infantry, it is suggested, might be sent byrailroadto City Point and ferried over by steamers. Artillery could be crossed lower down,
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March 26, 1862
saying they do not expect another battle will be fought. They estimate their reserves along therailroadand at Alexandria at 200,000. The late retreat was owing to the difficulty of getting
above information is up to Monday, the 24th instant. A command, size unknown, marched up therailroadthis morning with drums. They were 3 miles above Bristoe.
regimental colors were counted. They were marching across the fields parallel 1o therailroadand in view of it. I immediately sent the First Yirgini~ Cavalry (Jones) down to
have examined the country surrounding Suffolk with a view to the defense of it and therailroads. The battery and barrier referred to in Brigadier-General iRandolphs
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March 27, 1862
brasures, but think that I have succeeded to-day in makiug a plan and procuring flat-barrailroadiron from the Richmond and Danville Rail- road Company which will be perfectly satisfactory. A
success. For the sake of expedition I have ordered about 7,500 men from this vicinity byrailroadto move to-morrow and 2,500 to be transported in the same manner from Fredericksburg.
says, Undoubtedly they are in strong force. They have not yet left therailroadfar, and so far as movements now indicate they are march- ing along the general
so far as movements now indicate they are march- ing along the general direction of therailroad. ltadford has been or- dered to retire by w.ay of Warrenton Springs, burning bridges,
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March 29, 1862
of the Orange and AlexandriaRailroadbeyond Fairfax Station. The commanding officer at Alexandria will be instructed to guard the l)art
the commanding officer at Manassas to insure protection to the Orange and AlexandriaRailroad. E. V. SUMNER,
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April 01, 1862
been latterly employed upon the duty of guarding the Baltimore and OhioRailroad; also from regiments which the Governor of Pennsyl- vania has been requested to send
in rear of the Potomac are about as follows: General Dix has, after guarding therailroads under his charge, suffi- cient troops to give him 5,000 for the defense of
General Wadsworth I desire to be ordered to Manassas. These troops, with therailroadguard above alluded to, will make up a force under the command of General Abercrombie
19,687 strong, with forty-one guns; some 3,652 disposable cavalry, and therailroadguards, about 2,100 menamount to about 35,467 men.
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April 02, 1862
13, took place after the enemy had retired from Manassas and destroyed therailroads in their rear. The council decided unanimously to take up a new base of
In regard to occupying Manassas Junction, as the enemy have de- stroyed therailroads leading to it it may be fair to assum.e that they have no intention
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April 04, 1862
Blue Ridge and west of the Potomac and the Fredericksburg and Rich- mondRailroad, including the District of Columbia aiid the country be- tween the Pot6mac and Patuxent.
of the enemy between that point and Alexandria is 40,000 or 50,000. He is rebuilding therailroadbridges. This is reported by prisoners taken by scouting parties.
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April 06, 1862
be still in force at Gordonsville and Fredericksburg, and threatening Winchester and the Baltimore and OhioRailroad. The force under Banks and Wadsworth was deemed by experienced mili-
Banks and Wadsworth was deemed by experienced mili- tary men inadequate to protect Winchester and therailroad, and was much less than had been fixed by your corps commanders as necessary
operations upon information from every department can. Therailroadis operating so slowly that there is abundant time to in- struct me further.
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April 08, 1862
ascend York and the Pamunkey Rivers with their gunboats ~ nd transports as high as therailroadbridge over the latter if they tsucceed in passing the defenses at Yorktown.
moving against Richmond, while she would deter any movement against Norfolk. Coal could be sent byrailroadand York River to Yorktown for her use.
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April 15, 1862
not be doubtful. Would it not be better to let ourrailroads in North Carolina be cut, our cities in South Carolina and Georgia captured and
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April 29, 1862
they get I)oSSeSSioll of the country west of this place (through which therailroads pass), as well as the waters on the other three sides, any escape from
landing, and if they get possession of the country west of this place, through which therailroads pass, as well as the waters on the other three sides, any escape from
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May 01, 1862
Major-General HUGER, Norfolk, Va.: Send as speedily as possible therailroadiron warehoused at Norfolk and Portsmouth to Raleigh and to Danville via Petersburg. Use both
on the Norfolk and Petersburg road. Lose no time, as much more is involved than therailroadiron, and it is of great importance to have the roads clear for other purposes.
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May 03, 1862
enemy and cannot be carried off must be destroyed. You will take the control of therailroads leading out of Norfolk and Portsmouth and allow nothing to impede the transporta-
service north of Richmond, and should be marched forthwith to Suffolk, to be sent thence byrailroador by the country roads, as may be hereafter directed. If transporta-
roads, as may be hereafter directed. If transporta- tion in addition to that already on therailroads can be used to advan- tage call upon the Department, and such rolling stock
I am informed that the best point for obstructing the river below therailroadbridge is at Cookes Island. Lieutenant Tapscott, engineer at New Market [Kent ~?] Court-House, has
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May 04, 1862
no batteries for 12 miles up the river. I have sent a steamer to burn therailroadbridge over Pa- anunkey River.
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May 08, 1862
way of Garysburg will con- tinue to Petersburg. It is intended to hold the line ofrailroadfrom the latter place to Weldon, but no points east of it not necessary for
We may be supplied with provisions hereafter by the York RiverRailroadat the station on the northeast side of the Chickahominy. Most respectfully, your obedient servant,
examined for that purpose, and the best position stated to be about 8 miles below therailroadbridge. Captain Carrington, who understood the work, was directed to report to you for instructions
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May 09, 1862
(A similar letter addressed to CoL Edmund Fontaine, president of the Virginia CentralRailroad.) WILLIAM PANNILL RICHMOND, May 9, 1862.
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May 10, 1862
the Merrimac destroyed, I can change my line to the James River and dispense with therailroad. I shall probably occupy New Kent in force to-morrow, and then make
that he desires all soldiers of his army now in Richmond to be sent down byrailroadto Summit Station, with full cartridge boxes.
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May 11, 1862
Ask him to what I)oint we shall send the prisoners in North Carolina. Take up therailroadtracks on both roads east of Suffolk as far mis l)ossible, and send the iron
The forces have been withdrawn from Norfolk and Portsmouth, but efforts will be made to continuerailroadcommunication with the South through Weldon. I deem it a matter of great moment that
and flour mills axe important to be saved, As a thoroughfare it is very important. Therailroads go out to the north, east, west, an(l south. There are large numbers of
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May 12, 1862
your army. If General Anderson retires south of the junction of the Central and FredericksburgRailroadit will interrupt the railroad com- munication with Generals Jackson and Ewell, and from the
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May 13, 1862
the north side of James River, and to Burkeville, the intersection of the Danville and SouthsideRailroads, south of James River. Would Hanover Court-House or a nearer point
south of James River. Would Hanover Court-House or a nearer point on the CentralRailroadbe convenient to you and some point on the Richmond and York River
be convenient to you and some point on the Richmond and York Riverrailroadthis side of the Chickahominy? I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
without passes and with their arms, come in large numbers daily to the city by therailroadtrains. No guard at either end and no officer on the trains. Trains make three
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May 14, 1862
Drewrys Bluff. Let him land at Proctors Creek, on the PetersburgRailroad. R. E. LEE,
Drewrys Bluff at daylight. You will send them by special train, and they must leave therailroadnear Drewrys house about 2~ miles from Drewrys Bluff. They will act as a covering
ably with your request I have directed General Winder to have a guard stationed at therailroaddepot to arrest stragglers from your army. I have also ordered Colonel Walton to proceed
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May 16, 1862
stalls Station to-day. The rebel pickets withdrew before our troops. They burned therailroadbridge across the Pamankey at this place and other bridges in advance as far as
for re-enforcements. In retiring along the Norfolk and PetersburgRailroadit should be so destroyed as to prevent its use by the enemy. So far
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May 17, 1862
forwarded from Baltimore to West Point five loco- motives, eighty cars, 3 miles in length ofrailroadiron, 30,000 feet, board measure, of timber, one dozen frogs, one dozen switch irons, 1,200
plan of your operations will be for the defense of the Petersburg and WilmingtonRailroad, having in view at the same time the ri lit bank of James River.
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May 19, 1862
greater force as soon as I can forward supplies. I will have cars running on therailroadin two or three days, and the telegraph line established iii the course of
that crosses Blackwater River. It is reported that they destroyed all the bridges on the RoanokeRailroad. The peo. ple of Norfolk have shown as yet no disposition to acknowledge the
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May 21, 1862
portant information at the Spottswood House. I deemed this impor- tant, as it threatened therailroad, and ordered my troops to be ready to move at a moments warning, knowing
to be, so as to be in a position to defeat the enemys design upon therailroadif he entertained it.
I have this moment received a report from Colonel Robertson, of the cavalry, showing that therailroads are in some danger, and proving that I was right in my views. Even
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May 22, 1862
miles of us, posted on and to the right and left of the Fredericksburg and RichmondRailroad, and in a position of consider- able strength. It is my purpose to try
any re-enforcements from the direction of Gordonsville, and at the same time endeavor to save therailroadbridges. If this can be done, another channel of supply can be had for the
upon Richmond, where they would add 12,000 to the forces against you, and in saving therailroadbridge across the Pamunkey, and to what points on the Pamunkey can you extend your
mond, should the Federal Army approach it from the east. Could therailroadcompany furnish the means of transporting your whole force at once; if not, how much
of Brigadier-General Anderson, near Fredericksburg, and to protect therailroad. General Anderson has cavalry betweeu the Pamunkey and Matta-
too strongly pressed, or you hear of a battle, join us. The object of protecting therailroadwill make it necessary for you to dispose of and place your troops according to
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May 23, 1862
relative to certain arrangements to be made to enable him to transport his troops rapidly byrailroad. I have referred the matter to the Quartermaster.General, and requested him to effect
form a part of the brigade. After the arrival of these troops the whole line ofrailroadfrom Peters-
relative to certain arrangements to be made to enable him to transport his troops rapidly byrailroad. I have referred the matter to the Quartermaster-General, and requested him to effect
cavalry to occupy and fight for Mechan- icsville, which is a commanding position and where therailroadcan best be protected.
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May 24, 1862
have nearly all been sent forward in heavy columns along the line of the York RiverRailroadand by the old Cold Harbor road, through the lower end of Hanover.
easily saved if proper effort was made, as it is only some 20 miles to therailroad, but there is no quartermaster or quartermasters agent here having the requisite authority, and
rear. There is more danger of a flank movement on Cxen- eral Johnstons left, involving therailroads, communications, & c. I learn from one of my scouting parties that got to
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May 25, 1862
his power about the movements of rebel troops along the Virginia Cen- tralRailroadduring the past week. Very respectfully, R. B. MARCY,
postscript of this morning. In selecting your position consider the protection of therailroad, so far as it can be done without endangering your connection with the
side of Brooke Run in an admirable position for that purpose. The Meadow road andrailroadrun here para!lel and very close to each other.
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May 26, 1862
for Williamsburg; one regiment and five companies of in- fantry to garrison White House and therailroad. All of these points up to White House lie in Wools department. If, in
and PotomacRailroadas far as Kilbeys Miii; will there leave the rail- road and proceed to Halfsink.
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May 27, 1862
Secretary of War: Stoneman has captured an engine and six cars on CentralRailroad. Sent them to communicate with Porter. The railway communications
instructed to regulate the movements of his troops accordingly, and to oppose any advance upon therailroadleading south whenever it may be attempted. Should Burnside appear in James River he will
batteries iii course of preparation at Petersbnrg is ready for the field service. The line ofrailroadfrom Wilmington to and beyond Weldon to Petersburg will then be considered under the charge
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May 28, 1862
guarded, which prevented General Porter from pressing forward last night to cut the Fredericksburg and Richmond.Railroad. This will be done to-morrow. The prisoners that were taken yesterday, and
detachment from General F. J. Porters command, nnder Major Williams, Sixth Cavalry, destroyed the South Annarailroadbridge
I pushed on 3 miles, over a very marshy road and through thick woods to therailroad, 12 miles from Richmond. I found the
, 12 miles from Richmond. I found therailroadwhich I had torn up the day before repaired, and while we were destroying it
I thought and still think best to await further instructions from headquarters. The road from therailroadto where the rebels are encamped in front of ns, 3 miles, is through dense
to consider his department so extended as to include that place and the entire line ofrailroadto Wilmington. This will account for the presence in Petersburg of General Walkers brigade. On
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May 29, 1862
to have been re-enforced on that day by Andersons command. General Porter reports that South Annarailroadbridge was fired this morning, and a large amount of Confederate property
Secretary of War: Therailroadbridge burned this morning across the South Anna River was on the Richmond and Fredericksburg
Therailroadbridge burned this morning across the South Anna River was on the Richmond and Fredericksburg
River was on the Richmond and FredericksburgRailroad. The bridge across the same stream, on the Virginia Central
. The bridge across the same stream, on the Virginia Centralrailroad, was burned yesterday. The bridges over the South Anna River upon both rail.
General Marcys dispatch, was on the Richmond and Aqula CreekRailroadover the South Anna, and 500 feet in length. Later to-day another bridge on same
Railroadover the South Anna, and 500 feet in length. Later to-day another bridge on same
now is profoundly quiet. The cavalry vedette reports parties of the enemy creeping up near therailroad. I have the Second Florida, with its left resting on the
. I have the Second Florida, with its left resting on therailroad, and shall preserve communication with it.
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May 30, 1862
treat of Banks. We are greatly rejoiced at your success in breaking therailroads and destroying the bridges. It seems to me the enemy will feel that blow
the Chickahominy, stated that the enemy had retired from Atlees and was nowhere west of therailroadin that vicinity. Dr. Fontaine, of the Fourth Virginia Cavalry, stated to i~ie
probable from what I learned to-day that the enemy, being satisfied with temporarily breaking up ourrailroadcommunication north, have withdrawn east of these roads, with a view,
in this vicinity, viz, Port Walthall, which is but 3 miles from the Richmond and PetersburgRailroad. Upon a personal examination of the work, which I made on yesterday, I am
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May 31, 1862
White will report to you this morning as a guide to take your men down therailroadto position assigned.
and near the place occupied by Pettigrews brigade, near the toll-gate and between therailroadand the Williamsburg road. Carters battery will move with you. I think that you had
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June 01, 1862
directs that you drive the enemy back op- posite your front, along the line of therailroad, in order to afford effect- ive support to General Heintzelman.
extended to include that part of Vir- ginia south of the iRappahannock and east of therailroadfrom Freder- icksburg to Richmond, Petersburg, and Weldon. Maj. Gen. George B.
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June 02, 1862
found. His troops were to move on Okolona, Ripley, and Holly Springs. The destruction of therailroadat Booneville may have part iafly changed the programme. The main body of the enemy
Caseys camp, on the Richmond road, two roads; one leading to therailroad, the other branching toward the James River and to the south of Richmond. These
of Richmond. These were traversed for some distancethe former to therailroadwithout important discoveries. In advance of these roads the enemy appeared to have a regiment
make my headquarters there to-morrow morning. Kearny informs me that he has moved on to therailroad. Very respectfully, & c.,
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June 03, 1862
me in large force. Everything may depend upon this movement of yours. Come directly up therailroad, so as to arrive at Fair Oaks Station by daylight.
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June 04, 1862
In compliance with within be ready to move up therailroad, to cross and attack the enemy in flank if he does not attack you
cause an examination to be made of the nature of the ground along the~ York RiverRailroad, to s~e whether or not some heavier guns might be placed there, as I
only way the enemy cau get his heavy guns up that way will be by therailroad.
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June 05, 1862
by which the enemy can convey heavy artil- lery from the Chickahominy is the York RiverRailroad. It has oc- curred to me that he is constructing a railroad battery, probably
lery from the Chickahominy is the York RiverRailroad. It has oc- curred to me that he is constructing a railroad battery, probably
the road and sweep the country. That may be the object of his blind on therailroad. Can you not take a position, probably where General Toombs is stationed, and erect
is stationed, and erect a battery to oppose him? If we can hold him on therailroadhe cannot advance by his present front, I think, for I do not see how
for I do not see how he can provision his troops. If we could construct arailroadbattery, though, plated and protected with a heavy gun, it would probably be preferable to
a heavy gun, on trucks, the whole covered with iron, to move along the York RiverRailroad? Please see what can be done. See the Navy Department and officers. If a
immense-advantage to us. Have you any mortars that we could put at some point on therailroad? Very respectfully,
(Parrott) I think we have enough of at present. I am very anxious to have arailroadbattery. I wrote to Colonel Gorgas on the subject this morning and asked him to
plished I proposed a iDahlgren or columbiad, on a ships carriage, on arailroadflat, with one of your navy iron aprons adjusted to it to pro- tect gun
I could astonish our neighbors. The enemy cannot get up his heavy guns except byrailroad. We must bjock his progress. Very respectfully and truly,
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June 06, 1862
months of unmolested labor to remove. The fort at Drewry~s or Wards Bluff is strengthened withrailroadiron facings, and two other forts have been built near by.
command. Smiths division, General Whiting, occupies the ground between the Nine-mile road and the York RiverRailroad. There is no gap in the line or ought not to be. I found
thus leaving your (livision to occupy and defend the ground from the Nine-mile road to therailroad. As your division is a large one and Jones is a weak one, he
you will direct this movement of your line of battle by the right flank to therailroadand leave vacant the ground now occupied by your Third Brigade, to be
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June 09, 1862
Three regiments on Roanoke Island; one at Washington; one at New- port onrailroad, and one and a half at Beaufort and Fort Macon; four- teen at New
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June 10, 1862
Port Republic. As the several regiments arrive at Peters- burg cause them to be sent byrailroadvia Lynchburg to Mechums River Depot.
Oxford, Miss.: Proceed with your regiment of Mississippi Volunteers byrailroadto this city, and report to this office. Apply to nearest quartermaster for
this city, and report to this office. Apply to nearest quartermaster for transportation byrailroad. S. COOPER,
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June 11, 1862
miles. It is impossible to move artillery whilst they are so bad. But for therailroadthe army could not be subsisted and foraged. The general health was improving. The officers
of the enemy necessary. I desire you to extend your command to the York RiverRailroad. The brigades of Generals Pender and Archer will, as soon as relieved by you,
If you find it necessary for the occupation of the ground between the Nine-mile road andrailroadyou can withdraw from your left such portion of your troops as may be requisite
General Magruder has been directed to close by the right to the York RiverRailroad. He will probably be obliged to vacate a portton of the ground on his
reported. A large body of infantry, as well as cav- alry, was reported near the CentralRailroad. Should you find upon investigation that the enemy is moving to his right; or
all my command to hold the line from the Cliickahoininy about Mrs. Prices house across therailroad. General Lee writes that you have been directed to take position more to my
rear of our present positions and could render them really formidable. If the bridges of therailroads were rebuilt at once and the roads protected, which I think could be
amount to less thar 7,000 men. As the enemy has evidently settled upon this and therailroadas his lines of advance, and as the Nine-mile and New Bridge roads offer him
Army of the Valley. The troops, with three days cooked rations, will march to the DanvilleRailroadstation in Richmond, where cars will be in readiness for their trans-
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June 12, 1862
land to join me before Richmond. I beg leave to suggest that the destruction of therailroadbridges by flood and fire cannot probably be remedied under four weeks; that an attempt
Magruder to say to you that you will arrange your troops along the line from therailroadto the Ninc.mile road in 8tich a manner as your jud~meut may diree~t au most
of General Lee it will be necessary to maintain very nearly a line resting on therailroadso as to support or cover the batteries being constructed there, with your right resting
or cover the batteries being constructed there, with your right resting on therailroadand your left on the traverses near Mrs. Prices and to the left of the
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June 13, 1862
escape to, or be injured by, the enemy. These negroes will be sent to the nearestrailroaddepots, in accordance with instructions to be given by the agent. Cost of transportation will
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June 14, 1862
Mechanicsville, and partially covers some of the main roads leading from Richmond and north of therailroad, such as those passing Mrs. Christians, Old Tavern, and Garnetts house, on this
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June 16, 1862
is required for Yorktown; from two to four are required for Williamsburg, the White House, andrailroadguards. Events are
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June 19, 1862
field works in my front was obtained yester- day. They have a redoubt located near therailroad; one to command the Williamsburg old stage road, and another to command a succession
appear to be connected with a continuous line of rifle pits, running almost perpendicular to therailroad. All of these field works are located on the western border of a wheat
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June 20, 1862
also his notes about the Fredericksburg, West Point, Danville, Peters- burg, and NorfolkRailroads. If necessary, send him by a special boat. Tell him to be careful to~
Mr. FELTON Presiden Philadelphia and BaltimoreRailroad, Philadelphia: Will you please send me by telegraph in cipher, and also by mail
aiid Burkesville, Richmond and Petersburg, and Seaboard and RoanokeRailroads, giving the heights, length, and nature of the structures. GEG. B. MCCLELLAN,
think we can take G-oldsborough and hold it for the present, although 13 miles of therailroadbetween here and Kins- ton have been destroyed. At all events we can go to
ton have been destroyed. At all events we can go to Kinston and re- pair therailroadand bridges between here and there. We have already built the bridges over the Trent
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June 21, 1862
Secretary of the Navy, Richmond, Va.: SIR: I have been informed by Colonel Gorgas that therailroadbat- tery will be ready for service to-morrow. Inasmuch as this battery has
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June 22, 1862
the small fort in the field on the left of the Nine- mile road to therailroad, Griffiths brigade occupying that portion of it on the left of the road (a
other three brigades of Major-General McLaws division occupy the line from the Ninemile road to therailroad. As the relative posi- tions of these three last-mentioned brigades are changed at the
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June 23, 1862
if you think proper. The best route will be by cars to Richmond, where at therailroaddepot he will receive orders. He will inform me by telegraph at what time
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June 24, 1862
you have not already done so, in front of Richardson, on the right of therailroad, as far as the opening of it can be done, with the support of
iMaj. Gen. GEORGE B. MCCLELLAN: Therailroadbridge over Swift Creek is 250 feet long. I will attempt to destroy it when
General R. E. LEE, Oomdg., & c., Hdqrs. near Richmond, Va.: GENERAL: Therailroad.iron plated battery designed by Lieut. John M. Brooke, C. S. NaVy, has been completed.
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June 25, 1862
of great importance. You will therefore reach Goldsborough as soon as possible, destroying all therailroadcommunications in the direction of Richmond in your power.
If possible, destroy some of the bridges on the Raleigh and GastonRailroadand threaten Raleigh. GEG. B. McCLELLAN,
from Tunstalls Station to-morrow morning, both above and below therailroad, and direct them to give you timely notice of any approach of rebel forces
morning. I think General Sumner should have at least a brigade to the left of therailroadto support his picket line, and should push his picket line forward to connect with
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June 26, 1862
Brigadier-General BRANCH: GENERAL: The head of my column is crossing th& CentralRailroadYour most obedient servant,
GENERAL: The head of my column is nearly 2 miles from where it crossed the CentralRailroad, and is marching on the Hanover Court- House and Mechanicsville turnpike.
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June 27, 1862
Bottoms Bridge and the rail- road bridge; that I have three pieces of artillery on therailroad, com- manding the bridge, and five pieces at Bottoms Bridge, behind an
He is very industrious, and is studying well our position. Move on my left at therailroad. Think the enemy in some force, but I have no evidence of it.
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June 28, 1862
what your action will be, so that we may take measures to aid in river andrailroadtransportation. EDWIN M. STANTON,
the bridge at Warwicks Bar- or if there be any difficulty about trans- portation fromrailroadto bridge he had better come to Richmond. JEFFERSON DAVIS.
regiment on the right of his, my right resting in about 200 yards of therailroad. I then deployed the rifle conll)anies of the two regiments in front, under the
CHAP. XXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.CONFEDERATE.railroad, which would have swept my ranks had I proceeded farther. The enemy appeared to
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June 29, 1862
force quite isolated on this side. In any event the depot was useless the moment ourrailroadwas seized; therefore I perfected arrangements to abandon it at once, and succeeded in so
the left to the right bank of the Chickahominy, and having in force cut therailroadat Dispatch Station. The evacnating of White House Station became last evening a military necessity,
D. C. MCCALLUM: The rebels have possession of ourrailroad. White House is aban- doned. Wentz and myself~ with all our men, are here,
ing-rods taken off and preserved. All the men are safe. We ran therailroadup to the last moment The two locomotives last sent are still afloat and safe.
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June 30, 1862
Our only line of communication with him by telegraph from that point would be along therailroad, which the enemy will hardly give up.
give up or weaken or delay the expecta- tions a~ainst Chattanooga. To take and hold therailroadat or east of Cleveland, in East Tennessee, I think fully as important as the
and measures will be immediately taken to carry it out. The condition of the river andrailroads in Tennessee and the want of
as we learn, for the transportation of 5,000 men a day on the Baltimore and OhioRailroad. Have you received my telegram about the staff officers of General
mentioned I keep a reserve at the Halfway Station, on the Richmond and PetersburgRailroad, with a complete outfit for any emergency or demand that circumstances may require. I
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July 01, 1862
We have repaired and have now to guard between Columbus, Memphis, and Decatur 367 miles ofrailroad, besides the posts estab- lished on Mississippi River and many rivers. All scouts, spies,
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July 04, 1862
Charlottesville, or a point east of that place, with my whole force united; to destroy therailroadbetween Lynchburg and Charlottesville, and also, by pushing cavalry in various directions to-
Charlottesville, and also, by pushing cavalry in various directions to- ward it, to destroy therailroadfrom Lynchburg to Richmond; to move down to ~James River at Columbia, and to pursue
force also on therailroad. The care and protection of the road has been assigned to General Wool, so
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July 05, 1862
The quartermaster~general assures me that all practicable means are employed to repair therailroads, especially the Virginia Central. i~iy office work fell behind while I was in the
provisions and other necessaries could be issued. I selected savage Station, on the YorkRailroad, as the point for concentration. Of course there are many Federal wounded that cannot
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July 08, 1862
Major-General McLaws division will take position north of the York RiverRailroadand between that and the New Bridge road, on north branch of Gillis Creek; this
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July 11, 1862
LEWIS E. HARVIE, President Richmond and DanvilleRailroad: Sin: General Lee and the Secretary of War are both exceedingly
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July 20, 1862
certain that a considerable force of the enemy is along Virginia CentralRailroadwest of Hanover Junction. JNO. POPE,
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July 21, 1862
luring the night, made a descent at daylight in the mi~rning upon the Virginia CentralRailroadat Beaver Dam Creek, 25 miles west of Hanover Junction and 35 miles from Richmond.
Railroadat Beaver Dam Creek, 25 miles west of Hanover Junction and 35 miles from Richmond.
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July 26, 1862
that about ten days or two weeks ago Jackson started toward the valley, via the FredericksburgRailroad(from Richmond), with 60,000 to 80,OOG troops, including his own and Ewells division, Lawtons brigade,
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August 01, 1862
scouts will soon be shut in here, and they will do as they please with therailroads beyond nsall for the want of cavalry here. MANSFIELD.
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August 05, 1862
with the scout canoes, to enable me to reach them by the creeks, the bridges andrailroads would have been ere this broken up and destroyed. I expressed to you my
arrange next day to destroy all bridges over Powells Creek and to push to the SuffolkRailroad, destroying all bridges over branches of the Bla~ckwater, which would tend to delay the
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August 08, 1862
do not know your encamp- ment, but if you will designate the nearest point on therailroadwhero the train can take you up and where a portion of your force will
In regard to the bridges across the Appomattox River, the general suggests that the differentrailroadbridges be planked over, so that they may serve at least for infantry. There is
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August 12, 1862
horses should not be exhausted, and that you should not leave uncovered the approach to therailroador Richmond. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
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August 13, 1862
force in your present front to observe the movements of the enemy, afford protection to therailroad, & c., and to move with the main body of the cavalry now with
Toombs, Draytons, and Evans brigades, will proceed without delay by cars of Virginia CentralRailroadto Gordonsville, making his requi- sitions upon the staff departments for transportation and all supplies
Brigadier-General Hood, with his command, consisting of Whit- ings and floods brigades, will proceed by FredericksbnrgRailroadPs Hanover Jnnction, and there, selecting an eligible camp, hold his com-
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August 14, 1862
Glover, and the Twenty-second Regiment South Caro- lina Volunteers, Colonel [S. D.] Goodleit, will l)roceed byrailroadto Gordonsville and report to Major-General Longstreet.
ingly. Order the transportation of the respective brigades to the point on therailroadyou wish the troops to halt. I had arranged to leave in the cars to-morrow
your division to proceed to Gor- donsville as soon as transportation can be furnished on therailroad. Your wagons and artillery will maroh, and can be placed on the road
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August 17, 1862
telegram to General Lee and asked if McLaws division should not be brought to therailroad. He has not answered, and in the mean time General Smith has announced that
his presence on the other side. Shall we move McLaws toward therailroad? G. W. RANDOLPH,
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